Pelvic floor Physiotherapy involves assessment and treatment of conditions that affect muscles, ligaments, connective tissue, nerves etc in and around the pelvis. Most commonly treated pelvic floor conditions include:
- Incontinence- stress, urge, mixed
- Urgency, Frequency
- Pelvic Organ Prolapse
- Painful sex
- Chronic Constipation
- Pelvic pain: dyspareunia, vagisnismus, endometriosis pain
- Pudendal Neuralgia
- Pregnancy related low back and pelvic pain
- Pelvic related SI joint and hip pain
Who are Pelvic Physiotherapists?
Pelvic Health Physiotherapists are specially trained to assess the muscles, joints, soft tissue and nerves in your pelvic floor both internally and externally. These Physiotherapists receive special training through post grad courses and workshops. Pelvic Physiotherapy is a controlled act and the Physiotherapists performing it have to be rostered by the College of Physiotherapists of Ontario. You can find the list of rostered Physiotherapists in Ontario on
Why is an internal pelvic exam important?
Internal pelvic exam is considered the gold standard to examine the muscle tone, function, integrity of your Pelvic Floor. It gives us valuable information on effectively treating your pelvic floor pain or dysfunction. Just like how your physiotherapist needs to touch and feel your biceps muscle to effectively treat it, your pelvic health Physio needs to touch and feel your pelvic muscles to manage your condition efficiently.
At our clinic, pelvic exam is done in a clean and comfortable private room. It is conducted with informed consent and will be done only as per your tolerance and comfort level. You will be appropriately draped with sheets. It is done with clean gloved technique with one or two finger palpation as per your tolerance. It will only be conducted after a thorough history taking and subjective exam. We will examine your pelvic floor through external techniques first and may proceed with internal exam afterwards as per your tolerance. You will be given education and information on feeling and contracting the pelvic muscles on your own to carry on a home program along with your therapy sessions.
I can do Kegels myself at home. Why do I need to see a pelvic Physio?
Kegels exercises involve contracting, holding the contraction followed by relaxing your pelvic floor muscles. Kegels exercises are shown to be first line of treatment to manage stress, urge incontinence and mild/ moderate pelvic organ prolapse. Kegels exercises help to strengthen the pelvic floor and hence play an important role in maintaining continence. Pelvic floor muscles are arranged in three different layers and directions. They are shaped like a hammock supporting our bladder and other organs. You can feel some contraction externally but most of it is felt internally as a squeeze and lift when you have a strong pelvic floor.
Just like you cannot strengthen a tight biceps without effectively lengthening it first, it is not very effective to strengthen your pelvic floor if it is tight. A pelvic health Physio can help you learn techniques to stretch your pelvic floor, can perform manual therapy to release tight soft tissue and then teach you proper techniques to perform Kegels exercises. Most people with pelvic, hip or low back dysfunction will have some tension in their pelvic floor and would benefit from seeing a pelvic Physio to release it. It’s also very important to learn techniques to properly relax your pelvic floor muscles and to coordinate pelvic floor muscle training with diaphragmatic breathing. Proper pelvic floor training with allow you to activate the pelvic and core muscles together while you are doing a functional task such as lifting, running etc and will improve and maintain continence during those functional tasks.
At our clinic we will perform a thorough assessment and prescribe you with a tailored exercise regime best suited for your need. If you suffer from incontinence, pelvic pain, pelvic organ prolapse, painful sex, pregnancy or post partum pelvic or low back pain; please give us a call today.
We can help you!